Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer is a rare disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the outer part of the female genitals.


Vulvar cancer often does not cause early signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms may also be caused by other conditions and not by vulvar cancer. However, you should check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • A lump or growth on the vulva
  • Changes in the vulvar skin, such as color changes or growths that look like a wart or ulcer
  • Itching in the vulvar area, that does not go away
  • Bleeding not related to menstruation
  • Tenderness in the vulvar area


In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for bile duct cancer:

  • Pelvic Exam – An intenral examination of the pelvic region
  • Colposcopy – A procedure in which a lighted, magnifying instrument called a colposcope is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas
  • Cystoscopy – A procedure to look inside the bladder and urethra to check for abnormal areas
  • Proctoscopy – A procedure used to look inside the rectum and anus to check for abnormal areas
  • X-ray – An x-ray is a type of energy beam that goes through the body and is captured by structures within the body, producing an image
  • Position Emission Tomography (PET Scan) – A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body
  • Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) – A series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder used to determine if cancer is present in these organs
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy – During this procedure, a sentinel lymph node is removed and analyzed under a microscope by a pathologist.


Surgery is the most common treatment for vulvar cancer. Radiation and chemotherapy are also treatment options, as is biological therapy/immunotherpay that mayimprove the body's immune system to fight cancer.

Your care team will work with you to determine your exact course of treatment. Learn more about treatment options.