Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the bladder.


Early signs and symptoms of bladder cancer may include:

  • Finding blood in your urine (which may make the urine look rusty or darker red)
  • Feeling an urgent need to empty your bladder even when your bladder is not full
  • Having to empty your bladder more often than you used to
  • Feeling the need to empty your bladder without results
  • Feeling pain when you empty your bladder
  • Having lower back or pelvic pain


In addition to all major cancer screening and diagnosis methods, we also offer these techniques when testing for bladder cancer:

  • Internal Exam – Used to check for lumps or thickened areas of the bladder
  • Urinalysis – A test to check the color of urine and its contents, such as sugar, protein, red blood cells, and white blood cells
  • Urine Cytology – Examination of urine under a microscope to check for abnormal cells
  • Cystoscopy – A procedure to look inside your bladder and urethra to check for abnormal areas.
  • Renal Ultrasound – An image of the inside of the kidneys, ureters and bladder


Surgery is the primary option for patients with bladder cancer. Another option is biological therapy, which may improve the ability of the body’s immune system to fight cancer. Your care team may also prescribe radiation and/or chemotherapy. Learn more about treatment options.